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Gas Transmission

Gas transmission, also referred to as gas transportation, encompasses the efficient movement of natural gas from where it’s produced to where it’s going to be consumed. To do this, a large, elaborate system has to be put in place. A network of pipelines often carry gas from the well where it originated to areas of high demand. If the gas that’s being transported isn’t needed immediately, it will need to be safely stored until it is needed.

The three basic types of pipelines that are used to transport gas are:

  • The Gathering System: Low pressure pipelines with small diameters take raw, natural gas from wells to the plant where it’s going to be processed. If the gas has a high amount of sulfur and carbon dioxide, a special pipe will be used.
  • The Interstate or Intrastate Pipeline System: Similar to the highway system, these pipelines carry gas across the state of country.
  • The Distribution System: At the end of the pipeline system are companies and consumers that take gas out of the pipeline. To make sure that people have gas when they need it, control systems are used for monitoring.

As more and more people use natural gas, the demand rises. With the increase in demand comes the need for more natural gas transmission workers and even more transportation systems. Pipeline companies have to constantly monitor and assess natural gas transmission throughout the United States, specifically to areas of the nation that are not getting the gas they need. Building new natural gas lines takes an immense amount of planning and effort. The first in many steps is basically making sure that a pipeline route exists. The entire process has to be carried out in a way that’s safe for the environment without affecting current public infrastructure.

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